2.05.01 Colour usage: Colour blindness (colour wheel)
Who does it affect?
The difference in contrast between the background and foreground colours in images should be sufficient to allow users to perceive the image correctly without straining even if they have vision impairments like colour blindness.
Approximately 1 in 20 have some form of colour blindness. mostly males. The condition is sex-related and inherited. Women may carry the deficient gene but are usually unaffected by it.
Certain colour combinations may be difficult to see. Avoid using red-green and green-red colour combinations and make sure there is sufficient colour contrast.
What to do?
Try to avoid light colours for text on a light background, and dark text colours on dark backgrounds. Also consider common forms of colour blindness - Protanopia (red/green colour blindness), Deuteranopia (red/green colour blindness), and Protanopia (blue/yellow colour blindness), including many grey areas in-between. It is advisable to try and avoid these combinations, as information could be lost to some of your visitors.